This list of in-jokes is almost entirely based on Laura Witte's In-jokes list, I made only some little updates, mainly "retreads". Please visit also her site.
- When Krycek aids in the killing of Melissa Scully, actor Nicholas Lea (Krycek) is actually helping to kill his real-life girlfriend, Melinda McGraw (Melissa).
- Not a joke but -- this episode is dedicated to the memory of Larry Wells, an X-Files costume designer.
- Retreads - Forbes Angus (M.D.) was already Government Scientist (Soft Light) and will be Security Guard [Small Potatoes] and Funeral Director [Bad Blood]. Alf Humphreys (Dr. Pomerantz) was Second Controller [Space] and will be Michael Asekoff [Detour]. Ernie Foort (Security Guard) will return as Lobby Guard [Pusher].
- 10/13 - Mulder's birthday is shown as 10/13/61, which mirrors Chris Carter's birth month and day.
- 11/21 - Samantha Mulder's birthday is shown as 11/21/64, which mirrors Chris Carter's wife's birth month and day.
- Stunt coordinator Tony Morelli is one of the men who beat up on Skinner in the stairwell.
- Not a joke but -- this episode is dedicated to the memory of Mario Mark Kennedy, an original on-line X-Phile killed in a car accident.
- Retreads - Martin Evans ("Right Hand") is also Majordomo [Apocrypha] and Dr. Hartman [Sanguinarium]. Robert Lewis (ER Doctor) was Officer before [The Jersey Devil], [Duane Barry]. Tony Morelli (Man beating Skinner) was Cop [GenderBender] and returns as Lord Kinbote [Jose Chung's "From Outer Space"].
Clyde Bruckman's Final Repose
- The Astadourian Lightning Observatory is named for Mary Astadourian, chief researcher and office manager at Ten Thirteen, as well as Chris Carter's personal assistant.
- Gillian Anderson's stand-in for scene blocking, Bonnie Hay, plays the night nurse in this episode.
- Darin Peter Oswald is named for writer Darin Morgan.
- The yearbook page from which Darin had cut Mrs. Kiveat's picture also contains the pictures of director Kim Manners and prop master Ken Hawryliw.
- Finding Sharon Kiveat's yearbook picture between the pages of an 'adult' magazine could be a reference to the fact that the actress (Karen Witter) once modeled for Playboy.
- Sheriff Teller was named for the magician/comedian from Penn & Teller (both of whom would like to appear in an episode).
- 1013 - the 10th high score on the video game has a date & time of 9/8/95, 10:56 (Carter was born in October of 1956).
- When Darin is bothering his mother by changing the channels on the television, he changes it to a channel that is showing a music video. In the lower left corner of the screen we see the video's information:
- The Rosemarys
- "Mary Beth Clarke, I love you" - (presumably the song's name, the real Mary Beth Clark is an AOL X-Phile)
- JHartling Records (JHartling is the screen-name of another AOL X- Phile)
- Director: Deb Brown (Deb Brown is yet another AOL X-Phile)
- Retreads - Brent Chapman (Traffic cop) is also a Security cop [Synchrony]. Cavan Cunningham (Second Paramedic) was already seen as Lieutenant Terry Wilmer [End Game] and will be Escalante . Bonnie Hay (Night Nurse) has the same role again [Talitha Cumi] and was Field Doctor [Colony/End Game] and will be Woman [Oubliette]. Steve Makaj (Frank Kiveat) was Policeman [Ascension] and will be Ostelhoff [Gethsemane; Redux II]. Kate Robbins (Mrs. Oswald) will be Lisa's Aunt [Schizogeny].
- During Mulder's investigation of Clyde Bruckman's psychic gifts, Bruckman holds up a blue piece of cloth and asks if it is from Mulder's New York Knicks t-shirt. This is a reference to the episode 'Beyond the Sea', where convicted murderer and psychic Luther Lee Boggs gives a detailed and intricate story after holding a piece of cloth that he assumes is from the victim, but is actually from Mulder's New York Knicks T-shirt.
- When Clyde plays poker with Scully, he has a 'dead man's hand' (aces and eights).
- The actor who plays 'The Stupendous Yappi', Jaap (pronounced Yapp) Broeker, is actually David Duchovny's stand-in, filling in for D.D. when scenes are blocked or lighting is measured. Writer Darin Morgan saw Broeker on the set waggling his eyebrows and wrote a scene for him.
- The actor portraying the bellhop is Stu Charno, husband of former X-Files staff writer Sara Charno (she wrote the episodes 'Aubrey' and 'The Calusari').
- Clyde Bruckman is also the name of a film director who worked on silent comedies, including Laurel and Hardy movies (but not the one Scully was watching at the end of the episode.) The 'real life' Bruckman also wrote screenplays for Buster Keaton and Harold Lloyd. Just like his fictional counterpart, Clyde Bruckman committed suicide.
- The hotel that the killer works for is named 'El Damfino,' just like Buster Keaton's boat 'Damfino' in his movie 'The Boat'. Buster Keaton is another comedy director (and actor) of the silent era.
- One of the detectives, Detective Cline, shares his name with director Eddie Cline. Eddie Cline is yet another director of comedies of the silent era (much like Clyde Bruckman), many of which he co-directed with Buster Keaton (see the previous inside joke).
- Detective Havez, the man assigned to watch Bruckman in the hotel room, is named for Jean C. Havez, who collaborated with the real Clyde Bruckman on numerous Buster Keaton film screenplays.
- The dead man under the wheels of the car is named Claude Dukenfield, the real name of W. C. Fields (William Claude Dukenfield), who the real Clyde Bruckman directed in numerous short films.
- In the Space: Above and Beyond episode titled 'R&R' (the one with a guest appearance by David Duchovny himself) Col. McQueen is watching a Clyde Bruckman movie. Perhaps this is Space: Above and Beyond writer Glen Morgan's nod to his brother Darin Morgan, the author of Clyde Bruckman's Final Repose?
- Retreads - Alex Diakun (Tarot dealer) was also a Curator [Humbug] and will be Dr. Fingers [Jose Chung's 'From Outer Space']. Karin Konoval (Zelma) will re-appear as strange Peacock Mother [Home]. Dwight McFee (Detective Havez) was David Gates [Shapes], Commander [Little Green Men] and Suspected [Irresistible]. Ken Roberts (Clerk) was Owner [Colony].
- Producer Joseph Patrick Finn plays the chaplain in this episode.
- The executioner, Perry Simon, was named for an NBC executive producer Carter knew while working for NBC.
- Retreads - Craig Brunanski (Guard) was already a Guard [Soft Light] and will be Saw Operator [Gethsemane]. Mitch Kosterman (Fornier) was Detective Horton [GenderBender], [Sleepless] and will be Sheriff [Travelers]. Don MacKay (Oates) was Warden Joseph Cash [Beyond the Sea], Charlie [The Host] and will be Judge [Pusher]. Paul Raskin (Ullrich) will return as Dr. Eric Ilaqua [Sanguinarium]. Joseph Patrick Finn (Chaplain) reprises the same role later [All Souls].
- 1013 - When Mulder is telling Scully about the test results of Incanto's skin sample, the time was 10:13 (Chris Carter's birthday is 10/13).
- Virgil Incanto's name is much like the Italian poetry he translates. Incanto's name may come from Dante's Inferno, which is divided into long sections called 'cantos'. Also, the Roman poet, Virgil, is Dante's guide through the first two books, Inferno and Pergatorio.
- Retreads - Glynis Davies (Monica) was Nelson [Tooms] and Ellen [Irresistible]. William MacDonald (Agent Kazanjian) was already Dr. Oppenheim [Fallen Angel] and Federal Sheriff [The Host] and will be Officer Trott [Unruhe] and Buddy Riggs [Chinga]. Jan Bailey Mattia (Hooker) will be Ms. Hadden [Never Again]. Kerri Sandomirski (Joane) was Tracy [Roland]. Lindsay Bourne (Hooker's John) will be Burn Unit Surgeon [Kill Switch].
- Retreads - The black actor in the beginning could have been seen before [Shadows]. Pat Bermel (Therapist) was Frank Ranford [Tooms]. Deryl Hayes (Army Doctor) was Webster [Shadows] and Agent Morris [Little Green Men]. Don Thompson (Lt. Col. Victor Stans) was Holtzman [Conduit] and Henry Willig [Sleepless] and will be Bank Robber (Ghoul) [The Pine Bluff Variant]. Beatrice Zeilinger (Burly Nurse) was Paramedic [End Game]. Willie Garson (Roach) will return as Weems [The Goldberg Variation]. D. Harlan Cutshall (Guard) will be Adjutant [Unrequited].
- Bonnie Hay, Gillian Anderson's stand-in for scene blocking and lighting, appears (again!) as a therapist.
- Title - an oubliette is a medieval dungeon having a trap door in the ceiling as its only means of entry or exit. It is derived from the French word 'oublier', to forget.
- Retreads - David Fredericks (Photographer) was Security Guard [Blood] and will be Director [Musings of a Cigarette Man; Travelers]. Dean Wray (Tow Truck Driver) will be Rich Turner [Chinga]. Tracey Ellis (Lucy Householder) will return as Audrey Pauley [Audrey Pauley]. Bonnie Hay (Woman) appears also as Night Nurse [D.P.O., Talitha Cumi] and was Field Doctor [Colony/End Game]. David Lewis (Young Agent) was Officer [The Jersey Devil] and Vosberg [Firewalker].
- Title - Nisei is the Japanese word for a child born in America or Canada to Japanese parents (who were born in Japan). Translated literally, it means 'second generation'.
- The boxcar that the doctors are killed in (the one before the opening credits) is car number 82594. 8/25/94 is the date that Chris Carter began working on his directorial debut, 'Duane Barry'.
- The boxcar that Mulder is interested in is numbered 82517. 5/17 is the birthdate of producer/writer Frank Spotnitz's wife. 82 might be a reference to 2X08 Duane Barry.
- Mulder's second gun reeks of an internet-inside joke, what with all of our discussions on his fumble fingers where guns are concerned.
- Agent Pendrell (who makes his first appearance in this episode) is named after Pendrel street in the west end of Vancouver where the series is filmed.
- After the MUFON woman opens the door and recognizes Scully, another woman comes to the door and says "She's one". The actress who says "She's one", Gillian Barber, is the same woman who played the mother in 'Red Museum' - the episode where kids disappeared and returned with the words 'He/She is one' painted on their backs. In-joke? or just a cool coincidence?
- Retreads - Roger Allford (Harbourmaster) was already seen as Garret Lore . Gillian Barber (Penny Northern) will be back one more time [Memento Mori], and was already seen as Agent Nancy Spiller [Ghost in the Machine] and as Beth Kane [Red Museum]. Paul McLean (Coast Guard Officer) was Dr. Josephs [Shapes] and is also Agent Kautz [Anasazi; Zero Sum]. Carrie Cain Sparks (Train Station Clerk) was Servant [Our Town] and will be Duty Nurse [Small Potatoes]. Bob Wilde (Limo Driver) was Rand [Little Green Men].
- 1013 - The combination Scully gives Mulder to free him from the boxcar is #101331 (the 10/13 is Chris Carter's birthday).
- The boxcar that Mulder is trapped in is numbered 82517. 5/17 is the birthdate of producer/writer Frank Spotnitz's wife.
- Title - Camp 731 was a germ warfare research station in Manchuko (Japanese occupied Manchuria) by General Shiro Ishii (the Japanese Mengele). Hideous experiments were conducted there on POW's, including Americans. After the war Ishii and his crew were recruited into the American bio-war research establishment.
- Tag Line - this usual tag line was changed from "The Truth Is Out There" to "Apology Is Policy" - the statement made by Scully to Mulder when describing the government's willingness to knowingly do the wrong thing and just apologize for it later.
- Retreads - Sean Campbell (Soldier) will be Lt. Madsen [Teliko]. Cavan Cunningham (Escalante) was Second Paramedic [D.P.O.] and Lieutenant Terry Wilmer [End Game]. Mike Puttonen (Conductor) was Motel Manager [Deep Throat] and Dr. Pilsson [Sleepless], and will be Martin Alpert [Elegy].
War of the Coprophages
- I don't know whether this counts or not, but it is an intriguing suggestion -- both this episode and 'Quagmire' were written by Kim Newton. In 'Revelations' the demonic bad guy was named Gates (just like the head of Microsoft's Bill Gates.) In 'Quagmire' the lake monster's name is 'Big Blue' (also a nickname for IBM -- whose mainframe computers are now considered to be dinosaurs). Were these both nods to the computer industry, and commentary upon its 'evil/unsavory' state of being?
- Retreads - Fulvio Cecere (Priest) was a Helper [Little Green Men].
- This episode paid homage to Orson Welles' famous 1939 radio drama 'War of the Worlds,' which was adapted from the novel of the same name by H. G. Wells. The name of the town, Miller's Grove, mirrors that of Grover's Mill (New Jersey) in the radio drama. The mass hysteria in the town not only echoes that in the radio play, but also the real-life hysteria caused by the airing of the radio show, which many people thought was an actual news event.
- There are also a lot of other things that reference, for lack of a better word, dung. Aside from the obvious, we have coprophages in the title (dung eaters), and Scully eating 'Choco Droppings' (and Mulder eating whatever that stuff is at the end of the episode -- does that count?). It has also been suggested that Scully's eating the 'Choco Droppings' might be yet another reference back to her bug-eating stunt in 'Humbug'.
- Breakfast at Tiffany's - the book Scully is reading during one of Mulder's many telephone interruptions is also the Final Jeopardy answer (or rather question) that was missed by David Duchovny and ended up costing him the game.
- At the end of the episode, Scully mentions that "Smart is sexy" in reference to the two scientists. "Smart is sexy" is also a phrase used by many magazines and news programs when talking about Mulder and Scully themselves.
- The name of the television news reporter is Skye Leikin. This is the name of yet another AOL X-Phile, whose screen name is Leikin Skye. She won an AOL trivia contest -- the prize was to get her screen name on one of the episodes.
- The methane plant was named alt.fuels -- which may be a reference to the usenet newsgroup alt.tv.x-files.
- The robotics researcher, A. Inanov, has a name very similar to the great writer of sci-fi (dealing with robotics) stories, I. Asimov.
- Dr. Bambi Berenbaum is named for Dr. May R. Berenbaum, head of the Entomology Department at the University of Illinois and author of many books on insects.
- The name of the exterminator who dies at the beginning of the episode is Dr. Bugger.
- Retreads - Sean Allen (Customer #2) will be Dr. Kevin Scanlon [Memento Mori]. Alex Bruhanski (Dr. Bugger) will be Angelo Pintero [Elegy]. Bill Dow (Dr. Newton) was Father [The Jersey Devil] and Dr. Charles Burks [The Calusari; Leonard Betts; Biogenesis; Rush]. Stoner was the cop's kid from "Red Museum". Tom Heaton (Resident #1) was Guard [Shadows]. Ken Kramer (Dr. Inanov) was Doctor Browning  and Dr. Berube [Erlenmeyer Flask]. Nicole Parker ("Chick") has the same name again [Quagmire] and is also known as Ladonna [Deep Throat]. Norma Wick (Reporter) had the same role before [Space]. John Destrey (Customer #3) will return as Mr. Ballard [Max].
- Grover Cleveland Alexander High School - This was the incorrect answer (or question) David Duchovny gave during his infamous appearance on Jeopardy. The answer was 'This president was named for the reverend Stephen Grover, of Caldwell, New Jersey'. Duchovny answered "Who is Grover Cleveland Alexander?" (The correct question was 'Who is Grover Cleveland?' - It was the only question he missed during regular play).
- Comity - the name of the town also means 'courtesy.' As we watch Mulder and Scully enter the town, on the other side of the intersection we also see a road sign that says 'Leaving Comity' (how true, once they enter, no one is civil to each other). As they leave, the camera passes the road sign that states 'Entering Comity' (thankfully true again, since everything goes back to normal after they leave).
- The whole 'Scully driving' thing - you know that just has to be a nod to us!
- When Mulder brings the first girl into the police station, the time is 11:48 (Chris Carter's wife, Dori Pierson, was born 11/21/48).
- Syzygy first aired on January 12, 1996. That date actually was during a syzygy of Mars, Mercury, and Uranus (just like in the episode) - although January 9th had the best alignment of the planets.
- The cross dressing doctor, R. W. Godfrey, has a name that is quite close to that of the co-executive producer, R. W. Goodwin.
- Retreads - Garry Davey (Bob Spitz) was Hunter [Eve], Dr. Keats [Roland] and Captain [End Game]. Tim Dixon (Dr. Richard Godfrey) was Bob [Duane Barry]. Gabrielle Miller (Brenda J. Summerfield) was Paula Gray [Our Town]. Denalda Williams (Zirinka) was Marilyn [Irresistible]. Ryan Reynolds (Jay "Boom" DeBoom) will be Berg [Tithonus].
- Agent Nemhauser shares his name with Post Production Supervisor Lori Jo Nemhauser.
- Retreads - Susan Bain (Agent Sheherlis) will be County Coroner [El Mundo Gira].
- Piper Maru - the name of the episode is also the name of Gillian Anderson's daughter, Piper Maru Anderson (or is it Piper Maru Anderson-Klotz).
- Drop Dead Red - the inscription on the side of the Zeus Faber is also an admitted tribute to Gillian Anderson, the Intellectually Drop Dead Gorgeous redhead herself.
- 1121 - The flight Mulder and Krycek take back to Washington is flight number 1121.
- Gauthier - The diver shares his name with Dave Gauthier, the X-Files effects supervisor.
- Robert F. Maier, the man who plays the World War II pilot, is also the series' construction coordinator.
- Gauthier's apartment was actually the home of X-Files location manager Todd Pittson's neighbor.
- Retreads - Paul Batten (Dr. Seitzer) was also Brother Wilton [GenderBender]. Robert Clothier (Chris Johansen) was an Old man [Red Museum]. Stephen E. Miller (Wayne Morgan) was Tactical Commander [Duane Barry]. Tom Scholter (Young Johansen) will be Michael Sloan [Detour]. Kimberly Unger (Joan Gauthier) was Karen Koretz [Fallen Angel]. Peter Nicholas (Younger Man #1) will be The Associate [Avatar] and FBI Agent [Travelers].
- 1013 - The number on the door for the silo where Krycek and the alien craft are being held is 1013 (Chris Carter's birthday).
- The actor who plays Byers, Bruce Harwood, should look comfortable on those skates -- he was trained as a figure skater in 'real life'.
- 517 - the case number for this episode is #621517. 5/17 is the birthdate of producer/writer Frank Spotnitz's wife.
- 517 - The number on the key and locker where the digital tape's box is found is 517.
- Retreads - Kevin McNulty (Agent Fuller) had the same role before [Squeeze] and is also Dr. Christopher Davey [Soft Light]. Eric Breker (Ambulance driver) is also Admitting officer [Demons] and Dark Suited Man #1 [Christmas Carol/Emily]. Dmitri Chepovetsky (1st Governement Man) was also Lieutenant Richard Harper [Dod Kalm]. Harrison Coe (3rd Government Man) will die as Isaac Luria [Kaddish], will also be First Suit [Unusual Suspects], and yet has the power to be Dave the Butcher [Chinga]. David Kaye (Doctor) was a Reporter [Firewalker]. Sue Mathew (Agent Caleca) was Lisa Dole [Roland].
Teso Dos Bichos
- Tabloid - the front page of the tabloid newspaper picked up by the 'Pusher' in the grocery store line reports on a sighting of the Flukeman from 'The Host' - apparently he washed up on Martha's Vineyard (Mulder's hometown).
- The tabloid also contains a picture in the top corner that is still the subject of much speculation on the internet. The caption reads 'Depravity rampant on hit tv show' and the picture is that of prop master Ken Hawryliw with a strip-o-gram on his birthday.
- Production assistant Danielle Faith Freedman is the cover model on one of the 'American Ronin' magazines.
- Cameo - Dave Grohl (Nirvana drummer and Foo Fighter member) and his wife, Jennifer Youngblood-Grohl, make a cameo appearance as the 'Pusher' attempts to gain access to the FBI building.
- The secretary who beats up on Skinner is named for writer Vince Gilligan's significant other, Holly Rice.
- Retreads - Steve Bacic (Agent Collins) was also Second Officer [Soft Light]. Don MacKay (Judge) was Warden Joseph Cash [Beyond the Sea], Charlie [Host] and Oates [The List]. Ernie Foort (Lobby Guard) was Security Guard [The Blessing Way].
- Title - 'Teso' is Portuguese for 'Burial ground'. 'Bichos' means 'small animals'.
- Dr. Lewton was so-named for Val Lewton, director of the original 'Cat People' movie.
- Graduate student Mona Wustner was named for writer John Shiban's mother.
- Retreads - Tom McBeath (Dr. Lewton) was Detective Munson . Alan Robertson (Roosevelt) was Gray-Haired Man [Fire]. Ron Sauve (Mr. Decker) was Foreman [The Host].
Jose Chung's "From Outer Space"Before we get into this -- there has been a lot of talk lately about which things in this episode are inside jokes. I have tried very hard not to add things to this list that the authors did not really intend to be jokes (like the infamous apartment number 42), so I have not included everything that has been discussed on the internet recently. Also remember, this is a list of inside jokes, not jokes in general.
- Retreads - We have seen Doug Abrahams (Detective Neary) as Patrolman [Pilot], as Agent #2 [GenderBender], as Paul Vitaris [Die Hand Die Verletzt], and he returns as Harbaugh [The Field Where I Died]. Tim O'Halloran (Patrolman) reappears as Sergeant [All Souls].
- The name of the character Jose Chung was created in an on-going practical joke from the writing staff. In their joke, a man named Jose Chung called the offices every so often to inquire about an unsolicited script that he supposedly had submitted. Jose Chung was always turned away, so the recipients of the calls were quite surprised to find his name in the title of this episode.
- Lord Kinbote shares his name with Karl Kinbote, a character from Vladimir Nabokov's "Pale Fire". In the book, Karl Kinbote is the commentator on a long and obscure poem, one which he completely distorts. The book is about interpreting your experiences so that they confirm your own opinions. Sound familiar?
- Klass County, the town in which everything takes place, shares its name with Philip J. Klass - one of the biggest UFO debunkers there is. In fact, in his book "UFOs Explained" he says that "No single object has been misinterpreted as a 'flying saucer' more often than the planet Venus." Sound even more familiar?
- Military abductees Robert Vallee and Jack Schaffer, along with the man who comes to collect them, Sergeant Hynek, share their names with authors who have written books on UFOs. When you trade the first names of characters Robert Vallee and Jack Schaffer, you get Robert Schaffer, an author on the paranormal, and Jaques Vallee, who along with Allen Hynek wrote the book "The Edge of Reality: A Progress Report on UFO's".
- Poor Harold Lamb, the boy on his first date with Chrissy, is named for Harold Lloyd's character in the 1925 movie "The Freshman" (see the in-jokes for "Clyde Bruckman's Final Repose" for another snippit of info on Harold Lloyd).
- The autopsy movie Chung shows Scully, "Dead Alien: Truth or Humbug" sounds a lot like the title "Alien Autopsy: Fact or Fiction" - the X-Files' favorite show to make sly references to. The music that plays during the video is also a different, lighter version of the familiar X-Files theme by Mark Snow.
- Roky Crickenson, the witness to the kids' abduction, may need to thank Roky Erickson for the use of his name. Roky Erickson was the psychedelic lead singer for the 13th Floor Elevators and went on to form a band called 'Roky Erickson and the Aliens'. The real Roky was obsessed with alien visitation, paranormal phenomena, and pyramid lore.
- Lord Kinbote is played by stunt coordinator Tony Morelli.
- Once again, we have an appearance by 'The Stupendous Yappi'. As mentioned in the inside-jokes listing for 'Clyde Bruckman's Final Repose', the actor who plays Yappi (Jaap Broeker) is actually David Duchovny's stand-in for scene blocking and lighting.
- Mr. Chung mentions one of his earlier works, titled 'The Caligari Candidate'. This could be a reference to 'The Manchurian Candidate' - a black comedy in which a brainwashed soldier is manipulated into believing in alternate versions of reality by political enemies -- as well as a reference to 'The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari' - a German silent movie also dealing with mind control and an evil hypnotist.
- Dweeb-boy Blaine is wearing a 'Space: Above and Beyond' T-shirt. Beside the obvious reference to a show created by two of the best X-Files writers, it was also quite fitting to have Darin Morgan make a reference to a show his brother, Glen Morgan, co-created -- especially on the same night that an X-Files star (Duchovny) made a guest appearance on Space AND when that very same Space episode also referenced yet another X-File episode written by Darin Morgan - 'Clyde Bruckman's Final Repose'. (Do I get a prize for most confusing run-on sentence?)
- Blaine also has an 'I Want to Believe' poster just like Mulder's, except that the 'Want to' has been covered, leaving the words 'I Believe'.
- Reynard Muldrake - the pseudonym Jose Chung uses for Mulder. The French word for 'fox' is 'reynard'.
- Diana Liskey - Scully's pseudonym. This might be a bit crazy, but it's nice to know that liska (pronounced lischka [sorry, didn't find better pronunciation]) means 'fox' in Czech.
- Detective Manners certainly has no manners to speak of, and is so named for sharing his habit of 'colorful phraseology' with producer Kim Manners.
- More references - the mountain of mashed potatoes was just like the 'Devil's Tower' in "Close Encounters of the Third Kind". The opening shot was an ode to the 'Imperial Star Cruiser' opening of "Star Wars", or a clever vehicle Mr. Morgan was using to show us that our own reality differs according to how we see/perceive it. The pie and/or donuts was not a reference to Twin Peaks.
- Was the appearance of Alex Trebek yet a third dig at Duchovny for his appearance on Jeopardy, or is Mr. Trebek a fan of the show who wanted to appear, or is there something even more sinister afoot? He is, after all, the perfect person to be a man-in-black - since all answers on the X-Files seem to come in the form of another question.
- At the end of the episode, we see that Roky has relocated to El Cajon, California. El Cajon, California is where Darin and Glen Morgan were born and raised.
- I personally counted 5 "I'm/You're a dead man"'s and 3 "How the hell should I know"'s.
- Retreads - Alex Diakun (Dr. Fingers) was also a Tarot dealer [Clyde Bruckman's Final Repose] and Curator [Humbug]. Michael Dobson (Lt. Schaeffer) was 2nd Sniper [Duane Barry], and will be BATF Agent [The Field Where I Died] and U.S. Marshall [Kitsunegari]. Larry Musser (Detective Manners) was Sheriff John Oakes [Die Hand Die Verletzt] and will be Denny Markham [Unrequited] and Jack Bonsaint [Chinga]. Tony Morelli (Lord Kinbote) was Cop [GenderBender] and Man beating Skinner [Paper Clip]. Terry Arrowsmith (Air Force Man) will return as Uniformed Cop [Synchrony].
- Title - an avatar is the human incarnation of a deity. The word has been popularized in recent years as a computer term for a person's on-line graphical representation (first used in Neal Stephenson's book 'Snow Crash').
- I can't really tell, but it was reported on the newsgroup that Gillian's daughter, Piper, was looking out of a window on the bus that sped in front of Skinner as he was trying to cross the street.
- Retreads - Tasha Simms (Jay Cassal) was Ellen Reardon [Eve] and Laura Kelly [Excelsius Dei]. Malcolm Stewart (Agent Bonnecaze) was Dr. Glass [Pilot] and Commander Carver  and will be Dr. Sacks [Tunguska/Terma]. Janie Woods-Morris (Lorraine Kelleher) was Miss Lange [Shadows]. Peter Nicholas (The Associate) was Younger Man #1 [Piper Maru] and will be FBI Agent [Travelers].
- Everyone knows that Queequeg was named for Scully's love of Moby Dick, but did you also know that the book's Queequeg was a cannibal? (Remember what that sweet little dog was doing when Clyde Bruckman foresaw his neighbor's death).
- Heuvelman's Lake in this episode was named after Bernard Heuvelman, a Dutch cryptozoologist who wrote 'In the Wake of the Sea Serpents'.
- Dr. Faraday is named for chemist and physicist Dr. Michael Faraday, who discovered the principle of electromagnetic induction, which is the basis for generating electric power.
- The photographer is named Ansel after famous photographer Ansel Adams.
- The episode takes place in Millikan County, named for casting director Rick Millikan.
- The boat 'Patricia Rae' was named for writer Kim Newton's mother.
- I don't know whether this counts or not, but it is an intriguing suggestion -- both this episode and 'Revelations' were written by Kim Newton. In 'Revelations' the demonic bad guy was named Gates (just like the head of Microsoft's Bill Gates.) In 'Quagmire' the lake monster's name is 'Big Blue' (also a nickname for IBM -- whose mainframe computers are now considered to be dinosaurs). Were these both nods to the computer industry, and commentary upon its 'evil/unsavory' state of being?
- Then again - maybe 'Big Blue' was just named after Duchovny's dog, Blue.
- Retreads - Peter Hanlon (Dr. Bailey) is also Aid [Musings of a Cigarette-Smoking Man]. Nicole Parker (Chick) had the same name before [War of the Coprophages] and was also Ladonna [Deep Throat]. Timothy Webber (Dr. Farraday) was Detective Talbot [Tooms] and Jess Harold [Our Town].
- The kids watch the 'Die Hard' movie, just if you're wondering.
- In the home of the woman who shot her neighbor, Scully opens a trunk to find many neatly labeled videotapes -- one of which is a tape labeled 'Jeopardy'. I wonder if she has the 'Celebrity Jeopardy' episode in which David Duchovny appeared?
- When Mulder comes to visit Scully in the hospital, he turns off the television - which is showing footage of a plane crash. Could this be a reference to Gillian Anderson's hosting of the show 'Why Planes Go Down'?
- 517 - The time Mulder arrives at the house where he eventually runs into Mr X is 5:17pm. 5/17 is the birthdate of producer/writer Frank Spotnitz's wife.
- Co-producer Paul Rabwin supplied the voice for the game show host seen on the television.
- This episode by special effects producer Mat Beck was the first to utilize the name "John Gilnitz" for a character (in this case, the man killed in the hammock). The name is a combination of the 3 staff writers (John Shiban, Vince Gilligan, and Frank Spotnitz). The name was later re-used in other Shiban, Gilligan, Spotnitz episodes "Leonard Betts", "Christmas Carol", "Dreamland II", "Theef" and "Jump the Shark".
- The Riddocks' house was actually the home of X-Files location scout David Caughlan.
- Retreads - from Colony/End Game - and both of whom were impersonated by the Bounty Hunter. Tim Henry (Plain-Clothed Man) played the marshall Scully handed the Gregors over to, and Colin Cunningham (Dr. Stroman) was the whiny Lieutenant in the sub. Linden Banks (Joseph Patnik) was Reverend Sistrunk [Colony]. Joe Maffei (Motel Manager) was 1st Guard [Eve]. John McConnach (First Officer) was Sailor [Dod Kalm].
- The title of the episode is Aramaic for 'Little girl rise'. The phrase is used in the Bible (Mark 5:41), spoken by Jesus when he raises the young daughter of a Jewish leader from the dead.
- Angelo Vacco, an X-Files production assistant who also had a small part in 'F. Emasculata', appears once more as one of the gunshot victims who is miraculously healed.
- Bonnie Hay, Gillian Anderson's stand-in for scene blocking, plays a nurse in this episode.
- 11:21 - When Mulder visits his mother in the hospital, the time at the bottom of the screen is 11:21PM (Chris Carter's wife's birthday).
- 11:21 - When Scully finds the multiple pictures of Mr. Smith on her computer, the time at the bottom of the screen is 11:21PM (not the same day as the above entry).
- It is funny that Cigarette-Smoking Man mentions being good at water-skiing, since in real life William B. Davis is reportedly one of Canada's top water-skiers in the 55 - 65 age group.
- The scene between Jeremiah and CSM was in homage to a classic scene from "The Brothers Karamazov" by Dostoyevsky called "The Legend of the Grand Inquisitor". In the legend, Jesus returns and is arrested by church leaders. The Grand Inquisitor tells Jesus that he shouldn't have returned and that he burdened man with too much freedom. The Grand Inquisitor explains that the church took that freedom away because man wants to be led by others.
- The name of the restaurant where this episode begins is "Brothers K" -- yet another reference to "The Brothers Karamazov".
- Extras that appear in the restaurant scenes include cinematographer John Bartley's daughter, first assistant director Tom Braidwood's daughter, key grip Al Campbell's daughter, and three of stunt coordinator Tony Morelli's children.
- Jeremiah Smith is locked up in room number B18 -- building 18 is the location where many Roswell tourist items are housed.
- Retreads - John MacLaren (Dr. Laberge) was seen before as George Kearns [Our Town]. Stephen Dimopoulos (Detective) was Ionesco [Dod Kalm]. Hrothgar Matthews (Galen) was Jack [The Jersey Devil], Phoning Man [The Host] and Creighton Jones [Our Town]. He will be Paramedic [Movie]. Bonnie Hay (Night Nurse) had the same role once [D.P.O.] and was Field Doctor [Colony/End Game]. Angelo Vacco (Door man) who was shot in the teaser was the gas station attendant Angelo Garza [F. Emasculata] and will be Kevin [Milagro] as well as Bartender and Guido [Improbable]. Stacee Copeland (Woman #1) will be Hostage #4 [Folie a Deux].
List compiled by: Laura Witte
The X-Files In-Jokes List © 1996